Cauliflower Product

Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the Brassicaceae (or mustard) family. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Typically, only the head is eaten - the edible white flesh is sometimes called "curd" (with a similar appearance to cheese curd). The cauliflower head is composed of a white inflorescence meristem. Cauliflower heads resemble those in broccoli, which differs in having flower buds as the edible portion. Brassica oleracea also includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collard greens, and kale, collectively called "cole" crops, though they are of different cultivar groups.

 

BOTANICAL NAME : Brassica oleracea var. botrytis

 

ORIGIN: Cyprus and around the Mediterranean coast

 

TOTAL AREA IN INDIA: 473000 Ha

 

TOTAL PRODUCTION IN INDIA: 9283000 MT

 

MAJOR PRODUCING STATES: West Bengal, Bihar, M.P., Haryana, Odisha.

  • Uttrakhand (Nainital, Pithauragarh and Dehradun)
  • Himachal Pradesh (Shimla, Kullu, Sirmour, Solan).
  • Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh & Delhi (Rural Area)
  • Bihar / Jharkhand (Santhal Pargana, Darbhanga, Purnia, Katihar, Madhubani, West Champaran, Muzaffarpur, Vaishali, Patna, Nalanda, Sitamarhi, Bhagalpur, Samstipur, Saharsa, Dhanbad).
  • Maharashtra (Nasik, Nagpur, Kolhapur)
  • Karnataka (Belgium)
  • Gujarat (Khera, Baroda, Ahmedabad, Mehsana).

Commercial Varieties: -

Commercial Varieties: - Varieties

September maturity

Early Kunwari, Pant Gobhi 3, Pusa Early Synthetic

October maturity

Pusa Deepali, Pusa Katki

November maturity

Hisar 1, IIHR 101, IIHR 105, Improved Japanese,
Panth Gobhi 2, PG 26, PG 35, Pusa Hybrid 2, Pusa Sharad

December maturity

Pusa Himjyoti, Pusa Shubhra, Pusa Synthetic Snowball-1, Pusa Snowball K-1 Snowball-16

Storage condition: -

Fresh Frozen

Temperature

0OC

18OC

Relative Humidity

95-98%

Vapor-tight packing

Storage Period

2-4 weeks

1 year +

Highest Freezing point

-0.8OC

-

Peak Harvesting Season:-

  • Uttrakhand: - Nov to Feb
  • Himachal Pardesh: - Aug to Feb
  • Karnataka: - All around Year
  • Maharastra: - Dec to Feb
  • Bihar: - Dec to Feb

Export of 2022-23: - 675 MT

Major Destination: - Bhutan, USA, Maldives, Nepal, Saudi Arab