Barley

Barley is a member of the grass family. It is a self-pollinating, diploid species with 14 chromosomes. The wild ancestor of domesticated barley, Hordeum vulgare subsp. spontaneum, is abundant in grasslands and woodlands throughout the Fertile Crescent area of Western Asia and northeast Africa, and is abundant in disturbed habitats, roadsides, and orchards. Outside this region, the wild barley is less common and is usually found in disturbed habitats. However, in a study of genome-wide diversity markers, Tibet was found to be an additional center of domestication of cultivated barley.

 

BOTANICAL NAME : Hordeum vulgare

ORIGIN : Nothern Africa

 

TOTAL AREA IN INDIA: 453000 Ha

TOTAL PRODUCTION IN INDIA: 1.37 Mil Ton

 

MAJOR PRODUCING STATES/DISTRICTS IN INDIA :

Uttrakhand, UP, Rajasthan, MP, Bihar, Punjab, Himachal Pardesh, J&K.

Commercial Varieties:

RD2899, RD2907, VLB 130, K-1055, DWRB 137, PL891, DWRB160, HBL 713, DWRB 182, BH 959, RD2849, DWRB 101.

Storage condition:

Barley should be stored in a dry (55% RH) and low-temperature (15°C)

Peak Harvesting Season:- 2511 MT

Export of 2022-23: - 2511 MT

Major Destination: - Vietnam, Malaysia, USA, Nepal, Bangladesh

 

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