Maize also known as corn in North American- and Australian- English, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. The leafy stalk of the plant gives rise to inflorescences which produce pollen and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that when fertilized yield kernels or seeds, which are botanical fruits. The term maize is preferred in formal, scientific, and international usage as the common name because this refers specifically to this one grain whereas corn refers to any principal cereal crop cultivated in a country.
Maize has become a staple food in many parts of the world, with the total production of maize surpassing that of wheat or rice. In addition to being consumed directly by humans, maize is also used for corn ethanol, animal feed and other maize products, such as corn starch and corn syrup. The six major types of maize are dent corn, flint corn, pod corn, popcorn, flour corn, and sweet corn. Maize is also used in making ethanol and other biofuels.

Botanical name: - Zea mays

Origin:- Central America

Total Area in India: - 10.04 Mil Ha

Total Area in India: - 33.62 Mil ton

Major producing states in India:- Karnataka, Madhya Pardesh, Maharastra, Tamilnadu, West Bengal, Bihar

Commercial Varieties: - DHM-103, DHM-105, DHM-1, Trishultha, Ganga-5, Ganga-9, Deccan-103

Storage condition: - under low temperatures (around 4 °C) or if not possible, at least under 19 °C.

Peak Harvesting Season:- April to June

Export of 2022-23: - 3,453,681

Major Destination: - Bangladesh, Vietnam, Nepal, Malaysia, Sri lanka, Thailand

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