Pomegranate Product

Pomegranate ( L.) is one of the oldest known edible fruits and is capable of growing in different agro-climates ranging from tropical to temperate regions of the world. However, its major cultivation is confined in tropical and sub-tropical regions. It is presumed that pomegranate was domesticated in the Middle East about 5000 years ago. Interestingly, it is considered to be one of the first five domesticated edible fruit crops along with fig, date palm, grape and olive. The scientific name is derived from the name (apple) (grainy) or seeded apple. Pomegranate belongs to Punicaceae family contains a single genus of two species, L. and Balf. f. The species has two sub-species viz. Chlorocarpa and Porphyrocarpa. Since time immemorial, it has been embedded in human history and utilized for fruit, pharmaceutical and nutraceutical values.

BOTANICAL NAME :- Punica granatum FAMILY : Punicaceae

ORIGIN : Iran and adjoining countries

MAJOR PRODUCING STATES/DISTRICTS IN INDIA : Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.

TOTAL AREA IN INDIA : 234 Thousand Ha. (2017-18)

TOTAL PRODUCTION IN INDIA : 2845 Thousand MT (2017-18)

MAJOR COMMERCIAL VARIETIES: Ganesh, Arakta, Mrudula, Muskat, Jyoti, Ruby, Dholka.

STORAGE CONDITIONS: Fruits can be stored at 5°C with 90-95% relative humidity for 2 months. In case of storage beyond two months, temperature should be maintained at 10°C to avoid chilling injury. Pomegranates are very susceptible to water loss resulting in shriveling of the skins. Storing fruit in plastic liners and waxing can reduce water loss, especially under conditions of lower relative humidity.


Bahar Flower initiation month Harvesting month


Jan –Feb

Jun- Aug





Sep- Oct



EXPORT FROM INDIA (2018-19): India exported 67891.81 MT Mango of 98.98 US$ Mill.

MAJOR EXPORT DESTINATIONS OF MANGO: U Arab Emts, Netherland, Saudi Arab, Bangladesh and Oman.


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