Integrated Pest Management

Pest control with recommended pesticides in different crops

Crops

Pests

Recommended Pesticide

Paddy

Stem borer

Apply granules of cartap hydrochloride 4G @ 1.0 kg a.i./ha

Green leaf hopper &
Plant hopper

Spray of monocrotophos 36SL @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha or imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 25 g a.i./ha

Leaf folder

Spray monocrotophos 36SL or chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha

Gall midge

Root dip of seedlings in chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 0.02% or apply granules of carbofuran 3G @ 1.0 kg a.i./ha

Blast

Spray of carbendazim 50WP @ 0.1% or tricyclazole 75WP @ 0.06%

Bacterial leaf blight
and sheath blight

Spray validamycin 3L @ 2 ml/litre of water or propiconazole 25EC @ 0.1%

False smut

Spray chlorothalonil 75WP or propiconazole 25EC @ 2ml/litre of water

Weeds

Apply butachlor 50EC @ 1.25-2.0 kg a.i./ha or anilophos 30EC @ 0.4-0.5 kg a.i./ha or thiobencarb 50EC @ 1.5 kg a.i. /ha or pretilachlor 50EC @ 0.5-0.75 kg a.i./ha as pre-emergence herbicides within 4-6 days after transplanting

Wheat

Termite

Seed treatment with chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 4 ml/kg seed

Foliar aphid

Spray imidacloprid 200SL @ 0.4 ml/litre of water on border row

Army worm and
American pod borer

Spray carbaryl 50WP @ 750-1000 g a.i./ha

Loose smut

Seed treatment with carboxin 75WP @ 2.5g/kg seed or tebuconazole (Raxil 2 DS) @ 1.0 g/Kg seed

Karnal bunt

Spray propiconazole 25EC @ 0.1 % (1 ml in 1 litre of water) at ear head emergence stage

Rusts and powdery mildew

Spray with propiconazole 25EC @ 0.1%

Weeds

Pre-emergence spray (3-5 days after sowing) of pendimethalin 30EC @ 1kg a.i./ha or post emergence (30-35 days after sowing) spray of sulfosulfuran 75WG @ 25g a.i./ha or metribuzin 70WP @ 0.175-0.210 kg a.i./ha or isoproturon 75WP + 2,4-D 80WP @ (750+500) g a.i./ha effectively control both grassy and broad leaved weeds

Rodents

Apply 2.5% (1:40) zinc phosphide bait preceded by one day prebaiting

Pearl millet and Sorghum

Grass-hopper

Spray chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha

Stem borer and Shoot fly

Application of Phorate 10 G or Carbofuran 3 G @ 1.0 kg a.i./ha

Earhead bug and midge

Spray carbaryl 50WP @ 1kg a.i./ha

 

Downey mildew

Spray mancozeb 75WP @ 2 kg/ha

Ergot

Spray od copper oxychloride @ 0.25% at the time of flowering

Weeds

Pre-emergence spray of Atrazin 50WP @ 0.5%

Cotton

Bollworms

Spray neem products (1500 ppm) @ 2.5 litre/ha or NPV @ 250 LE/ha or chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 500-700g a.i./ha or profenophos 50EC @ 1000-1250g a.i./ha or indoxacarb 14.5SC or spinosad 45SC @ 75g a.i./ha

Aphid/jassid/thrips/ whiteflies

Spray neem seed kernel extract (NSKE ) @ 5% or neem products (1500 ppm) @ 2.5 litre/ha or imidacloprid 17.8SL or thiamethoxam 25G @ 25 g a.i./ha

Cotton leaf curl virus

Control the whiteflies

Weeds

Pre-emergence spray of pendimethalin 30EC @ 0.75-1.025 kg/ha or alachlor 50EC @ 2.0-2.5kg a.i./ha or pre- plant incorporation of fluchloralin 45EC @ 0.9-1.2 kg a.i./ha control both grassy and broad leaved weeds effectively

Gram and Lentil

Gram pod borer

Spray NPV @ 250 LE + 0.5% jaggery + 0.1% tinopal/ha at the appearance of 1 st instar larvae or eggs. Spray of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki @ 0.75-1.0 kg/ha or 5% NSKE at pre-flowering stage is also effective.
Among the chemical pesticide - spray chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 500g a.i./ha or deltamethrin 2.8EC @ 10-12.5 g a.i./ha.

Cut worm and termite

Spray of chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 500 g a.i./ha
Seed treatment with chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 15-20 ml/kg seed

Wilt and damping- off

Seed treatment with Trichoderma viridi 1% WP @ 9 g/kg seeds or combination of Carbendazim with carbosulfan @ 0.2%

Weeds

Pre-emergence spray (3-5 days after sowing) of Pendimethalin 30EC @ 1 kg a.i./ha

Black gram and green gram

Hairy caterpillar and
pod borer

Spray NPV @ 250 LE/ha or chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 500g a.i./ha or deltamethrin 2.8EC @ 10-12.5 g a.i./ha.

Whiteflies, Jassids, Thrips,

Spray monocrotophos 36SL @ 0.5 kg a.i./ha. It also reduces the incidence of yellow vein mosaic virus.

Stem fly

Soil application of Phorate 10 G or Carbofuran 3 G @ 1.0 kg a.i./ha

Sugarcane

Termite, white grub, root borer and early shoot borer

Application of chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 5 litre/ha at the time of planting or at 35-40 days after planting along the furrow followed by irrigation is effective against termite, white grub, root borer and early shoot borer (whorl application)

Top borer

Application of phorate 10G or carbofuran 3G @ 25 kg/ha in the last week of June along the furrow near root zone

Pyrilla and scale
insect

Spray malathion 50EC @ 0.05% concentration

 

Black bug

Spray monocrotophos 36SL @ 1 ml/litre of water

Mealy bug

Spray monocrotophos 36SL or chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 2ml/litre of water

Red rot and smut

Sett treatment with thiophanate methyl 70WP @ 0.2%

Weeds

Pre-emergence spray (3-5 days after sowing) of Atrazine 50 WP @ 1 kg a.i./ha provide an effective weed control upto 5-6 weeks.

Rapeseed- mustard

Aphid

Spray of NSKE @ 5%, use dimethoate 30EC or oxy-demeton methyl 25EC @ 1 litre/ha if pest crosses ETL

Painted bug

Seed treatment with imidacloprid 70 WS @ 5 g/ha or dust the crop with quinalphos 1.5% dust @ 20-25 kg/ha or spray the crop with imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 40 g a.i.
per ha

Sawfly

Spray of malathion 50EC @ 500ml/ha

White rust

Seed treatment with metalaxyl @ 6 g/kg or spray mancozeb 75WP @ 2 kg/ha

Black spot and
downey mildew

Spray mancozeb 75WP @ 2 kg/ha

Powdery mildew

Spray wettable sulphur 80WP @ 2 kg/ha

Sclerotenia rot

Seed treatment with carbendazim 50WP @ 2 g/kg or spray @ 0.1%

Weeds

Pre-sowing soil incorporation of fluchloralin 45EC @ 1 kg a.i./ha or pre-emergence spray (1-2 days after sowing) of pendimethalin 30EC @ 1 kg a.i./ha

Groundnut

White grub

Soil application of phorate 10G or carbofuran 3G @ 1.0kg a.i./ha

Spodoptera and hairy caterpillars

Spray NPV @ 250 LE/ha or Bacillus thuringiensis @ 1.0 kg/ha, in severe infestation spray quinalphos 25EC @ 1250 ml/ha

Leaf spot and rust

Spray carbendazim 50WP @ 375g a.i./ha

Weeds

Pre-emergence spray of oxyflourofen 23.5EC @ 0.15-0.25 kg a.i./ha

Soybean

Stem fly and Girdle beetle

Soil application of phorate 10G oe carbofuran 3G @ 1kg a.i./ha

Defoliators

Spray NSKE (5%) or Bacillus thuringiensis @ 1.0 kg/ha, in severe infestation spray quinalphos 25EC @ 1000 ml/ha

Sucking insects(Aphid, whiteflies,
thrips, jassids)

Spray NSKE @ 5%, In severe infestation, spray dimethoate 30EC @ 0.03%

Rust

Spray with propiconazole 25EC @ 0.1%

Sclerotium stem rot

Spray carbendazim 50WP @ 0.1%

Weeds

Pre-sowing soil incorporation of fluchloralin 45EC @ 1 kg a.i./ha

Sunflower

Capsule borer

Spray NSKE (5%) or NPV @ 250 LE/ha or Bacillus thuringiensis @ 1.0 kg/ha, in severe infestation spray

 

 

fenvalerate 20EC @ 0.005%

Defoliators (Tobacco and Bihar
hairy caterpillar)

Spray NSKE (5%) or NPV @ 250 LE/ha or Bacillus thuringiensis @ 1.0 kg/ha, in severe infestation spray quinalphos 25EC @ 1250 ml/ha

Sucking insects (Jassids whiteflies, thrips,)

Spray NSKE @ 5%, In severe infestation, spray dimethoate 30EC @ 0.03%

Downey mildew

Seed treatment with metalaxyl 35 WP @ 6g/kg of seed

Alternaria blight

Seed treatment with thiram @ 2g/kg of seed Spray mancozeb 75WP @ 2 kg/ha

Cucurbetaceous vegetables and fruits (Cucumber, Pumpkin, Bottle- gourd, Bitter- gourd, Sponge- gourd, Snake- gourd, Ash -gourd, Squash, musk- melon, water- melon)

Spotted beetle and red pumpkin beetle

Spray Beauvaria bassiana fungus powder formulation @ 1 kg/ha, in severe infestation spray carbaryl 50WP@1 kg/ha or chlorpyriphos 20EC @ 1 ml/litre of water

Fruit fly

To destroy the adult kept poison bait @ 10 ml/polythene bag at 25 places/ha. Bait is made by mixing of methyl eugenol and malathion 50EC in (1:1)

Sucking insects (aphid and
whiteflies)

Spray NSKE @ 5% In severe infestation, spray dimethoate 30EC @ 1 ml/litre of water

Wilt

Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 3 g/kg of seed or with thiram @ 2 g/kg of seed

Anthracnose and Downey
mildew

Spray mancozeb 75WP @ 2 kg/ha

Powdery mildew

Spray dinocap 48EC @ 300 ml/ha

Root knot nematode

Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 3 g/kg of seed was found effective

Brinjal

Brinjal fruit and shoot borer

Spray of Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki @ 500 g/ha Spray carbaryl 50WP @ 4 g/litre of water at the time of flowering and fruiting

Sucking insects (aphid, jassid and whiteflies)

Spray NSKE @ 5% In severe infestation, spray dimethoate 30EC @ 0.03%

Alternaria leaf spot

Foliar spray of carbendazim 50WP @ 300 g a.i./ha

Weeds

Pre-planting soil incorporation of fluchloralin 45EC @ 0.9-1.35 kg a.i./ha control both grassy and broad leaved weeds effectively

Okra

Fruit and shoot borer

Spray NSKE @ 5% or any neem based pesticides (1500 ppm) @ 2 ml/litre of water at the time of flowering and fruiting, if population crosses ETL then apply carbaryl
50WP @ 4 g/litre of water

Red spider mite

In severe infestation spray wettable sulphur 80 WP or Dinocap 48EC or dicofol @ 0.05%

Jassid and whiteflies

Spray NSKE @ 5%

Leaf blight

Spray mancozeb 75WP @ 2 kg/ha

Yellow vein mosaic

Control whiteflies

 

Weeds

Pre-planting soil incorporation of fluchloralin 45EC @ 0.9-1.20 kg a.i./ha control both grassy and broad leaved weeds effectively

Tomato

Fruit borer

Spray NPV @ 250 LE/ha or Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki @ 500 g/ha at the time of flowering and fruiting If population is crossing ETL then spray profenophos 50EC @ 2 ml/litre of water

Whiteflies

Spray NSKE @ 5% In severe infestation, spray dimethoate 30EC @ 0.03%

Root knot nematode

Soil application of carbofuran 3G @ 1 kg a.i./ha

Leaf curl virus

Control whiteflies

Leaf blight

Spray mancozeb 75WP @ 2 kg/ha

Weeds

Pre-emergence spray of metribuzin 70WP @ 0.525 kg a.i./ha effectively control both grassy and broad leaved weeds

Cabbage, Knol- khol, Radish, Cauliflower,

Sawfly and aphid

Given in rapeseed-mustard

Diamond back moth

Spray Beauvaria bassiana fungus powder formulation or Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki @ 500 g/ha

Head borer

Spray NSKE @ 5% at the head initiation stage

Damping off and black rot

Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 2 g/100g of seed was found effective

Chilly

Thrips

Spray NSKE @ 5%

Red spider mite

Spray NSKE @ 5%, in severe infestation spray dicofol @ 0.05%

Fruit borer

Spray NPV @ 250 LE/ha or Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki @ 500 g/ha at the time of flowering and fruiting

Damping off

Seed treatment with Trichoderma viride @ 4 g/kg of seed

Mango

Mango hopper

Three spray of carbaryl 50WP @ 0.15% or monocrotophos 36SL @ 0.04% at initiation of penicle formation, full stage of penicle formation and fruit set at
pea stage.

Mealy bug

Spraying of monocrotophos 36SL @ 0.05% or carbaryl 50WP @ 0.2% is effective

Fruit fly

Adult fruit fly can be controlled by poison bait through hanging of bottle trap containing 100 ml emulsion of methyl eugenol @ 0.1%+malathion @0.1% at a suitable height on the trees.

Powdery mildew

Spray twice wettable sulphur 80WP or Dinocap 48EC @ 2g/litre of water at 15 days interval

Dieback

Spray copper oxychloride @ 0.3% just after appearnce of disease and repeat the same after 20 days

Guava

Fruit fly

Same as in mango

Fruit borer

Adult can be controlled by spraying of carbaryl 50WP @ 0.1% at the beginning of fruiting season and before the ripening of fruits

 

Mealy bug

Spraying of monocrotophos 36SL @ 0.05% is effective

Pomegranate

Anar butterfly

Spray fenvalerate @ 0.005% at the time when more than 50% fruits have set

Stem borng beetle

Inject 5-10 ml diclorvos @ 0.25% per hole into the tree trunk

Thrips, whiteflies and aphid

Spray NSKE @ 5% In severe infestation, spray dimethoate 30EC @ 0.06%

Leaf spot and fruit spot

Spray thiophanate methyl @ 1 ml/litre of water

Pineapple

Fruit rot and root rot

Prophylactic spray (drenching) of copper oxychloride @ 0.3%

Citrus

Citrus psylla, Aphid, Thrips and
Whiteflies

Spray NSKE @ 5% or neem product (1500 ppm) @ 2.5 litre/ha, if population is crossing ETL then spray monocrotophos 36SL @ 0.1%

Fruit fly

Adult fruit fly can be controlled by poison bait using methyl eugenol @ 0.1%+malathion @0.05%

Lemon butterfly

Spray monocrotophos 36SL @ 0.04%

Citrus canker and Anthracnose

Spray copper oxychloride @0.3%

Source: Package and Practices adopted by Directorate of Plant Protection Quarantine & Storage, Faridabad, ICAR and State Agricultural Universities ( www.ppqs.nic.in,)